Salvador Daile was a great Spanish painter known as the best surrealist. He published numerous books. He got openly involved in the politics of his time. During his life, his artistic work was highly appraised and he held various exhibitions and retrospectives. Dalí developed multiple talents: painting, drawing, making jewelry and decorations. He spread his ideas throughout the world, while still remaining fond of his native country. His works are connected to sub-consciousness and psychoanalysis, and reflect his obsessions.
Born in 1904 in Figueres (Catalonia, Spain) to a wealthy family, son of Salvador Dalí and Felipa Doménech, his full name was Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí. His first painting, made at the age of ten, was his self-portrait, titled Sick child. Around that age, he was fascinated by the impressionist paintings he saw in the house of the Pichots, friends of his family.
In 1916 he took drawing classes under professor Juan Núñez, a former teacher of Picasso. Between 1918 and 1919 he designed a poster for the Figueres festival “Fires i Festes de la Santa Creu”. His clothing style had already begun to draw people’s attention while his talent surprised many.
Together with a few comrades, he edited the magazine Studíum, which included a section dedicated to famous painters. He took part in a political turmoil of the students and he was detained for 24 hours.
At the age of 17, he began his studies at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. Here, he befriended poet Federico García Lorca and film-maker Luis Buñuel, with whom he realized many projects. In 1923, his political ideas got him expelled from the school in San Fernando for a year, and he also spent a month in the prison of Figueres. Between 1926 and 1927 he was permanently expelled due to his extravagant behavior, despite his excellent grades.